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PART 1 - Background        PART 2 - RCN         PART 3 - Army         PART 4 - Air Force      PART 5 - The PER Branch






Prior to World War 11, Physical and Recreational Training (P and RT) in the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was modeled on the British Royal Navy (RN) programs P & RT Instructors (P&RTIs) obtained training at the RN P&RT School in England until 1940 when the RCN established its own P&RT School at Halifax.  Some of the officers who qualified at the RN P&RT School were: C MacDonald; Briggs; J Arnott; W. Smith; C Sweet; R Dewhirst; R Mylrea; C. Cockrill and W. Peakman.


The RCN had no physical education or equivalent corps or branch.  Selected officers of the Executive Branch, after having qualified on a P&RT course with the RN, served a fixed tour on P&RT duties and then returned to their ship/unit for normal sea/shore employment. In the case of other ranks (Naval Ratings) the RN concept of 1st and 2nd class P&RTIs was followed until 1949 when the RCN adopted the trade grouping system. At this time the P&RT trade was established at the Trade Groups 1 and 2 levels (TG 1 and TG 2). All 2nd class P&RTIs were assigned to TG1 and all 1st class P&RTIs were assigned to TG2 rating.

Entry into RCN P&RT trade occurred through the remuster process. Prior to remuster, the candidates had to qualify for their Leading Seaman rating and successfully complete the TG 2 P&RT Qualifier Course. The trade was upgraded to TG 3 level in 1951 and finally in 1956 the TG 4 level was approved. Rank was not tied to trade qualification, however the TG level was included in the short rank title designation as the following examples show:

  • C1PT4 identified a Chief Petty Officer 1st class as a TG 4 P&RTI;
  • P2PT3 identified a Petty Officer 2nd Class as a TG 3 P&RTI; and


  • LSPT3 identified a Leading Seaman as a TG 3 P&RTI.


The program for recruits involved a progressive series of 12 sets of exercises known as PT Tables based on the Swedish system and employed calisthenics as well as exercises on basic apparatus. Each table was of 45 minutes duration. The exercises were designed to develop agility, speed, balance and strength with a great deal of emphasis on rope climbing. Trained sailors participated in Daily Exercises (DEs), a modified form of the PT Tables, designed for use where little space and time was available on board ship. The program was heavily supplemented by inter-divisional games and sports competitions.


The School was founded in September 1940 and closed in 1967. It was originally located in the Dockyard Gymnasium in what was then known as HMCS Cornwallis. The first Officer-In-charge was CMD Bos’n C MacDonald. The first qualifying class consisted of AB “Scoop” Blades, LS J Rowland, LS P Rochette, LS A Wardell, LS Stevens and LS McKeever.

In September 1942 it moved to the Drill Shed in HMCS Stadacona and in March 1943 the School moved to Deep Brook NS as part of the newly established HMCS Cornwallis. Until the new gym was completed the School was housed in Jupiter Block, Bldg 34-10. Three RN P&RTI’s, CPO Evans, PO Olford and PO Morgan were loaned to the new School. CPO Evans was later drafted to HMCS Stadacona for duty with the Shore Patrol and subsequently transferred to the RCN.

Click for a photo of the P&RT Staff HMCS Stadacona 1945  

The move to the new gym occurred in July 1944 and was combined with a special Assault-at Arms event to commemorate the occasion.  The staff was increased to 12  and was headed by Cdr Redmond, on  loan from the RN.  CMD Officer MacDonald  was promoted to Lt and CPO Bob Dewhirst joined the School Staff  as the Chief Instructor. Except for the three swimming pools, which remained in use until the Base closed, the building was destroyed by fire in 1945.  From various sources of information it appears that the School moved  back to HMCS Stadacona in September 1945;  however the first post-war class (35th P&RT Qualifier) did  not start until November 1946.

Click for a photo of HMCS Cornwallis P&RT Staff 1944;              New Entry P&RT Staff Cornwallis 1944       Cornwallis P&RT Bldg 1944 & 1967



The final move of the School was made in January 1953 when it returned to HMCS Cornwallis. It was intended to be a temporary move, but the location proved to be  suitable and  the School remained in HMCS Cornwallis until July 1967, when the staff moved to  CFB Borden to become  part of the newly  created  Canadian Forces School of Physical Education and Recreation (CFSPER). 


During its 27 years of operation the School conducted the following types of courses:

  • P&RT Officers Qualifiers: Some of the officers who qualified at the RN P&RT School were: C MacDonald; Briggs; J Arnott; W. Smith; C Sweet; 
    R Dewhirst; R Mylrea; C. Cockrill and W. Peakman. 


1st Officer's long P&RT Course     

16 Mar-16May 1942

Lt AW Park   RCNVR

Lt Ft Cook     RCNVR

SLt RH Perowe; and

SLt JD McCormick

2st Officer's long P&RT Course

30 Sep 1944

Lt R Rathie         RCNVR

Lt J Edwards      RCNVR

Lt A Monahan  RCNVR

Lt S Abbott        RCBVR; and

Lt H Stevens      RCNVR

1st Officer's long P&RT Course

16 Mar-16May 1942

Lt JP White       RCNVR

Lt RM Greene   RCNVR

Lt JP Dean         RCNVR

Lt GG Thomas   RCNVR; and

Lt HR Pierce

1st Officer's long P&RT Course

16 Mar-16May 1942

Lt JN Agnew        RCNVR; and

Lt S   MacKnees  RCNVR


The following officers took a 20 week post World War 2 course at the RN P&RT School: LTs R Greene; F Pettit;H Taylor;

R Carlyle; H Addison; D Atkinson; R Savage; S Shakell; R White; R Coell; M Wilson; J Gautheir; W Robinson; J Mahar; and B Kidd.



  • 1st Class P&RT Qualifiers:   (* indicates top man in class)


1st Quals

18 Oct – 22 Dec 1940 

AB L Blades;*

LS J Rowland;

LS P Rochette;

LS A Wardell; and

LS McKeever

2nd Quals

17 Feb – 01 Apr 1941 

OS H Bradley;*

LS R Young;

AB S Johnston;

AB A Chartrand;

OS E Battaglia;

OS J Broriman;

AB J Simpson;

AB R Parkes; and

AB W Comeau.

3rd Quals

12 May - 12 Jul 1941

LS N Barton;*

OS R Greene;

STO J Smith;

OS J Dean;

OS S Dick;

AB Pettit;

AB McGregor;

LS C Fleming;

AB Parks; and

AB Varley

NADEN Qualifier-1941

G Grayson;*

H Sweet;

L Newelll; and

M McKeever

4th Quals

26 Aug  - 21 Oct 1941

OS H Bee;*

AB T Hebditch;

A/PO H Hancock;

AB W Gardner;

AB F Ferguson;

AB FW Potts;

AB A Craig;

AB W Hannon;

AB D MacIntyre;

A/LS J Sinnock; and

AB F Burrows

5th Quals

20 Oct  - 20 Dec 1941

AB L O’Brien;*

AB W Ludolph;

LS D MacIntrye;

AB J Altman;

AB A Bullock;

A/LS S Johnson;

AB C Dallas; and

AB R Bonhomme

At NADEN -1941

G Grayson;

H Sweet;

L Newell; and

? McKeever

6th Quals

23 Mar –16 May 1942   

LS S Burton;*

AB Dallas;

AB R Sallis;

AB R Anger;

AB M Cockburn;

AB W Henderson;

AB R Wigmore; and

AB A Charles

7th Quals

20 June –15 Aug 1942  

A/PO R  Parks;*

A/LS R Harris;

AB R Sallis;

AB R Bonhomme;

STO R Young;

LS D Taylor;

AB A Watt; and

AB M Bergeron

8th Quals

30 Sept – 5 Dec 1942    

STO A Bourque;

LS CR Manderson;

AB D Seaman;

AB WA Watt;

AB G Jackson; and


9th Quals

14 Dec – 13 Feb 1943

AB F Jones;*

LS V Baldwin;

AB S Woodward;

OS W Coull;

LS I Barron;

LS B O’Connor;

PO A Coe;

AB A Trepanier;

LS B Gibson; and

AB J McPherson

10th Quals

22 Feb – 15 Apr 1943    

AB H Hine;*

AB P Magnon;

LS A Charles;

AB A Hepworth;

AB G Harris; 

LS R Phillips;

LS A Goldfish;

OS A Kerr;

AB J Elvish; and

OS G Dobbin

11th Quals

19 Apr – 12 Jun  1943   

OS G Bader;*

AB C Bradbury;

LS G Courville;

LS A McLean;

OS J McKenzie;

AB G Carpenter;

AB A Passmore;

AB R White; and

LS F Connors

12th Quals (Cornwallis)

14 Jun– 11 Aug 1943

“A” Class  

OS R Goldham;*

CK R Bachert;

OS E Baker;

OS E Kraycir;

OS R Goldby;

OS C Armitage;

AB L Gauthier; and

AB E Grusie   

“B” Class

OS T Burt;*

AB G Davies;

OS D Dawson;

LS F Wilson;

OS J Milovanov;

STWD N Melnick; and

OS H Greenshields        


13th Quals

16 Jun - 9 Oct 1943

“A” Class            

AB F Johnson;*

OS R Rutherglen;

OS T Kennedy;

A/LS W Alger;

A/LS E Broadley;

OS E Smith;

OS P MacDougall;

OS R Bailey;

AB L Doxtater; and

OS J Statham

"B" Class

AB K Vuohelainen;

OS G Dawson;

OS L Warwick;

A/AB C Millman;

OS W Schmidt;

STWD N Melnick; and

OS A Jenkins

14th Quals

8 Oct – 11 Dec 1943

”A” Class        

OS J Jack;

OS J Herwynen;

OS E Smith;

OS A Polowy;

AB F Ollson;

OS J Johns;

OS A Gilmet;

OS R Grimes; and

OS S Preston

“B” Class        

A/LS E Broadley;

LS H Emmins;

AB G Dobbin;

AB H Johmson;

OS V Polzen;

OS B Harame;


OS F Alliston; and

AB B Manet

15th Quals

20 Dec -  19 Feb 1944    

AB F Ollson;*

OS R Grimes;

OS A Gilmet;

A/AB L NcDonald;

OS T Mroczkowski;

AB B Menet;

OS JR Johns;

OS D Brewer;

AB J Dubrofsky; and

STO R Suddick.

16th Quals

28 Feb -  22 Apr 1944   

A/AB J Wedley;

OS E Larsen;

OS F Schick;

OS K Evans;

OS S Chomyszyn;

OS E Tombs;

A/AB D Whalen; and

OS H Thompson

17th Quals

4 Apr – 17 June 1944   

STO L Cockburn;*

A/AB D Whalen;

AB WM Orban;

A/LS D Ellerbeck;

OS D McLeod;

A/AB T Park;

OS L Perret;

OS S Maradyn;

PO T Park;

A/AB D Read;  and

AB B Ough

18th Quals

19 Jun– 12 Aug 1944    

OS F Gilbert;*

A/AB T Park;

OS J Archambeault;

OS M Demchuk;

AB G Hemming;

OS J Klukay;

OS J Chalmers;

OS W Allum;

OS E Babuik;

AB R Turner;

AB E Nower; and

AB B Ough

19th Quals

4 Sep – 25 Nov 1944    

A/AB D Read;*

AB C Strain;

OS J Shatkowsky;

OS R Beattie;

OS D Horeck;

AB J Glasgow;

OS R Duggan; and

AB J Gustafson

20th Quals

18 Oct – 9 Dec 1944       

A/AB R Bailey;*

OS E Sclisizzi;

OS J Humphreys;

OS E Semmer;

OS J O’Gryzlo; and

STO H Leafloor

21st Quals

27 Nov 1944- 24 Feb 1945    

OS JMoquin;*  

TEL J Day;  

AB G Wright;

OS H Ryan;

OS H Pye;

 OS C Walker;

OS H Barnes; 

OS F Stephenson;

AB N Seely;

AB S Temesy; and

AB G Armitage

22nd Quals

22 Jan -13 Apr 1945       

AB W Heslop;*

AB D Ireland;

AB J Gustafson;

AB L Meek;

AB R Robinson;

OS G Kroiter;

AB H Greenshields;

AB D McLean; and

AB L Gauthier

23rd Quals

26 Mar – 16 Jun 1945 

OS D Powrie; *

OS J Brodie;

OS J King;

A/AB D Langevin;

OS D Mattingley;

A/AB F Hawthorne;

OS D Beal; and

STWD P Lafave

24th Quals

7 May -  23 Aug 1945   

A/AB M Grapko;*

A/AB E Kryzanowski;

A/AB J Stratham;

LS J McKenzie;

OS J Grey; and

A/AB J Jackson

25th Quals

4 Nov – 8 Feb 1947        

LS T Mottershead;*

LS J Searle;

PO M Lumley;

PO W Sullivan;

LS F Lepage; and

LS A McLean

.26th Quals

17 Feb – 10 May 1947

LS J Carisse;*

A/LS E Fraser;

PO J Hermiston; and

PO R Whatman

27th Quals

3 Nov – 6 Feb 1948

LS E Fraser;*

LS G Halikowski;

AB  A Aylward;

LS F Lepage; and

LS W Rheubottom

28th Quals

3 May - 24 July 1948    

CPO Waldron;*

CPO C Bryan;

PO R Haspeck;  and

A/LS  V Dougherty

29th Quals

4 Oct – 15 Jan 1949

LS W Rheubottom;

PO J Stoddart; and

AB J Hogan

30th Quals

17 Jan – 13 May 1949 

P1 G Kinch;*

P2 R Bolt;

P2 R Dawson;

P2 W Donison;

AB Rushton;

P2 J Quinn;

AB W Strenstrud;

AB A Longhurst;

P2 R Padget;

P2 V Dougherty; and

LS A Pike


31st Quals

11 Jul– 31 Oct 1949

P2 A Trepanier;*  

AB J Jack;*  

P2 M Padget;

P2 G Irwin;

LS R Evans;

AB K Pollock;

OS D Lawson; and

AB D McElroy

32rd Quals

16 Jan – 5 May 1950      

P2 D Barwis;*

AB J Leblanc;

AB B Hughes;

AB P Mills;

P2 J Tobias;

AB F Eggleton;

LS W Merriman; and

P1 JW Fall

33rd Qual

28 Aug -  15 Dec 1950

AB R Curtiss;*

AB R Carroll;

AB R Leclerc;

AB J Savoy;

AB Y Inouye; and

AB R Hayter

34th Quals  1951?             

P1 R Manderson;*

AB Duerksen;

AB Savoy;

AB Bennett; and

AB Fisher

35th Quals 1952 ?                    

AB J Carruthers;*

AB P Potvin;

LS W Rowan;

LS C Duncan;

LS L Moro; and

AB R Carriere

36th Quals

18 Aug – 23 Jan 1953   

AB E McLeod;*

OS H Sproule;

AB D Harrison; and

AB R Poupart

P&RT Building HMCS Naden 1963

NADEN Qualifiers


AB B Verner;*

AB L Henderson;

AB O Duffy;

AB W Bendall; and

LS A McLean


M McClelland;*

G Vowles;

G Douglas; and

T Sloan


K Maxwell;*

G Porter;

M Creedon;

M Woolford; and

R Bootland


G Blondin;*

H Wilnechenko;

J Noble; and

W Powell


  • 2nd Class P&RT Qualifiers (Cornwallis); 


#1 PR2 Course

6 Feb-8May 1953

AB W Firman *

LC W McIvor

AB W Melnechuk

AB Carriere

AB E Robert

AB J Beech

LS N Standley; and

LS K Jones

#2 PR2 Course

27 Aug- 17-Dec 1953

LS McIvor *

AB T McAualy

AB K Batchelor

AB J Phillips; and

AB R Spears

#3 PR2 Course

22 Jan-28 May 1954

AB N Nichols*

AB N Anderson

AB J Bell

AB G Angrignon

AB Y McGuire; and

AB W Beck

#4 PR2 Course

16 Aug-16 Dec 1954

LS R Shanks *

LS R Leclerc

AB B mcGuigan

AB B Robertsob

AB D Scopie; and

AB M King

#5PR2 Course

9Jan-21 May 1955

AB J Perron *

AB J Brousseau

LS A Mackay

AB H Caissie

AB G Hernden

AB L Bertrand; and

AB J Mullan

#6 PR2 Course

15 Aug -16 Dec 1955

AB Barber*

OS W Redden

AB M Heddon

AB C Proulx

LS R McCormick

AB E Pala

LS J Gill; and

AB K Whitney

(Click for photo) 

#7 PR2 Course

14 Jan-17 May 1957

AB A Stead *

AB T Walton

AB R Allen

AB G Hanko

AB B McGuigan

LS K Deck; and

AB N Claproo

#8 PR2 Course

9 Jan-4 May 1958

AB W Dolhun

OS J Noble

AB J Redden

AB R King

AB P Gariel

AB N Claprood

LS J Kemp

AB G Bartlett

LS D McDougall

AB W Owen; and

AB D Stuart

#9 PR2 Course

12Feb-6 June 1959

LS N Leblanc *

AB J McLeod

LS D Scopie

AB S Stephenson; and

LS E Thompson

#10 PR2 Course

29 June-9 Aug 1962

AB W Burke *

AB C Wurzer

AB R Jefferson

AB T Burns; and

AB E Smith

#11 PR2 Course

19 Aug-20 Dec 1963

OS B Delagorgendiere *

AB R Bist

AB H Cook

LS N Gray

AB G Warner; and

AB W Noseworthy

#12 PR2 Course

17 Aug-18 Dec 1964

LAC R Diano *

AB J Milne

AB R Bureau

AB L Boucher

AB K Hutton

AB D Todd; and

LAC J Lavieuer

#13 PR2 Course

16 Aug-17 Dec 1965

AB W Noseworthy *

AB B Storrier

AB W Blanche

AB J Davies

AB W Burge

AB R McMillan

AB A Burns

AB R Ferguson

AB R Olfert

AB N Morrison

AB W Hamilton; and

AB E Minor

#14 PR2 Course

15 Aug-16Dec 1966

LS J Roy *

LS R Morrison

LS W Wunch

AB D McLaughlin

AB C Pompana

AB D Honsinger

AB B Post; and

AB B Campbell

#15 PR2 Course

(Level V (New CF Syllabus)

3 Feb-9 June 1967

LS C Caldwell *

AB A Adams

AB K McGrath

AB N Proulx

LS C Leblanc; and

LS F Lipskey


Final PT Quals in RCN

PT  School


  • Physical Trainer - Gp 3


1st PT3 Course

14 Aug- 15 Dec 1953

D Barwis *

R Evans

B Hughes

C Manderson; and

M Padget

2nd PT3 Course

14 Aug-15 Dec 1954

P1 R Bolt *

P1 R Evans

P1 J Tobias

P1 R Dawson

P1 J Jack

P1 E Fraser

P2 K Pollock

P2 G Rushton

P1 G Irwin; and

P2 A Pike

3rd PT3 Coursse

9 Jan-4 May 1956

P2 F Cox *

LS J Sproule

LS R Carroll

LS E Roberet; and

P2 P Potvin

4th PT3 Course

2 Jul-16 Nov 1956

P2 A Pike *

P1 I Barron

LS J Carruthers

P2 S McIvor

LS G Angrignon

P2 E Mc Leod

P2 W Melnuchuk

LS J Perron

(Click for photo)

5th PT3 Course

20 Jan-23 May 1958

P2 R Shanks *

LS T McAulay

P2 D Harrison

P1 L More; and

LS R Carrierre

6th PT3 Course

26 Jan-19 Jun 1959

LS K Batchelor *

P2 B Verner

LS E Pala

P2 J Gill

P2 W Beck

P1 J Leblanc

P2 R Leclerc

P2 K Jones

 P2 C Duncan

LS J Phillips

P2 W Rowan; and

P2 A MacKay

7th PT3 Course

19 May-20 Sep 1961

P2 F Eggleton *

P2 A Simmons

P2 J McClelland; and

P2 L Bjola

8th PT3 Course

14 Jan-17 May 1963

LS T Walton *

LS T Sloan

P2 G Vowles; and

LS R King

9th PT3 Course

18 Jan-21 May 1965

LS G Douglas *

LS W Redden; and

LS R King

10th PT3 Course

16 Aug-17 Dec 1965

LS K Maxwell *

LS R Bootland

LS M Hedden

LS J Woolford

LS W Dolhun

LS M Creedon

LS R Leblanc

LS B McGuigan

LS E Thompson; and

LS B Scopie

11th PT3 Course

16 Jan-17 Jun 1966

LS W Burke *

LS R Gray

AB H Cook

AB H Bist

AB G Warner; and

LS R Jefferson

12th PT3 Course

1st PL VI Course

6 Feb-13 Apr 1967

LS J Noble *

LS H Wilnechenko

LS K Hutton

LS J Milne

LS W Burge

LS R Bureau

LS L Boucher; and

LS G Porter


(Click for photo)


  • Trade Group 4 P&RT Course

Trade Group 4 came into existance in 1955 with six senior !st Class Instructors taking a special six-week course to start this trade grouping qualification. It consisted of a short course at Queen's University plus a tour of Cornwallis and Stadacona.  Following an initial course, a syllabus was developed with the assistance of members of the first TG4 course. The length of the course was established at 20 weeks.


Special set-up course)

15 Aug-25 Sep 1955

F Potts; H Hancock

J Waldron; T Mottershead

J Rowland; and A Chartren

1st PT4 Course

Jul - Oct 1955

P1 J Searle *

C2 A Coe

C2 A Pitt

C2 J Stoddart; and

C1 C Bryan

2nd PT4 Course

30 Jul-14 Dec 1956

C2 J Carisse *

P1 A Aylward

C2 A Trepanier

C2 R Ellison; and

C2 G Kinch (RTU)

3rd PT4 Course

4 Noc-28 Feb 1958

C2 E Fraser *

P1 W Rheubottom; and

C2 R Manderson

C2 L O'Brien (RTU)

4th PT4 Course

10 Aug-21 Dec 1958

C2 R Evans *

C2 D Barwis

P1 R Padget; and

P1 R Irwin

5th PT4 Course

04 Aug-18 Dec 1959

C2 Mottershead *

P1 G Rushton

P1 J Jack

P1 B Hughes; and

P1 R Bolt

6th PT4 Course

08 Jul-24 Nov 1961

SSgt K MacDonald *

P1 B Verner

SSgt G Kasanda

P1 P Potvin

P1 S McIvor; and

P2 K Pollock

7th PT4 Course

05 Aug-21Dec 1963

P2 J Perron*

P1 E McLeod

P2 W Melnuchuk; and

P1 L Moro

8th PT4 Course

18 Jan -04 Jul 1965

P1 R Shanks *

P1 J Gill

P1 W Rowan; and

P1 K Jones

9th PT4 Course

02Aug-17 Dec 1965

P2 J McClelland *

P1 D Harrison

P1 F Eggleton

P2 E Pala

P2 A Sinnons; and

P2 R Carroll

10th PT4 Course

02 Aug-09 Dec 1966

P2 G Angrignon *

P2 A Mckay

P2 R leclerc

P2 K batchelor; and

P1 E Robert

Final PT4 Course

RCN 6th TG 4 COURSE at HMCS Cornwallis 1961

Back L to R - Ken Pollock; Paul Potvin; Jerry Kasanda (Army); Sam McIvor; Buzz Verner;Ken MacDonald (Army)

P&RT Staff-Seated L to R - C2 Dick Manderson; C1 Ray Ellison; Cmd O Hancock; LCdr Herb Addison; C1 Archie Pitt;

C1 John Stoddard.


NOTE: The Army students attended this course to gain knowledge and background in the preparation of a training syllabus for a TG 4 Course for the PTS(RCIC)



RCN 9th PT 4 Course at Cornwallis 1965

Back L-R: Ed Pala; Fred Eggleton; R Carroll; Derek Harrison; Al Simmons; Jim McClellend

Staff Sitting: Dick Manderson; Ray Ellison; G. Peakman; Jim Tobias; Bill Rheaubottom





  • P&RT for Wrens

1st Wren's PT Course  20Mar-16 Oct 1959    E Kerr;*  S Stratton; B bateman; F McKenzie; N Chomicki; and R Heisler

2nd Wren's PT Course (Tri-Service)  22 Sep 16 Oct 1959    LAW P Key;* LAW P Post;LAW M Germaine; LAW Y Bukator; Cpl M Dupree; WA C Gareau;

WA G Leckie; WA M Lenz; WA M Moir; and Pte P Milne   (Click for photo)


1st Wren's PT Course  20Mar-16 Oct 1959    E Kerr;*  S Stratton; B bateman; F McKenzie; N Chomicki; and R Heisle




During its existence, the School was commanded by the following officers:


1940-43    Lt C MacDonald (Dockyard & Stadacona);   


1943-45    Cdr (RN) R Redman (Cornwallis);

1945-46    A/CMD Bos’n R Dewhirst (Cornwallis) and

A/CMD Bos’n J Arnott (Stadacona);


1946-49    A/LCDR C MacDonald; (Stadacona);

1949-51    LT G Greene (Stadacona);


1951-53    LCDR M Pettit (Stadacona);

1953-55    LCDR H Taylor (Cornwallis);


1955-60    LCDR J Arnott (Cornwallis);


1960-63    LCDR H Addison (Cornwallis);

1966-67    LCDR S Shackell (Cornwallis





Officers employed on P&RT duties were members of the Executive Branch and wore no distinctive accoutrements. Environmental dress for P&RTIs consisted of a white T-shirt with navy blue trim around the neck and sleeves, white shorts or navy blue trousers with a navy blue elastic belt, white socks and white running shoes. A cloth P&RT badge, featuring a navy blue maple leaf above crossed cudgels (as shown below) was worn on the T-shirt.



The RCN P&RTI had to be a very versatile individual, capable of performing seaman’s duties on board ship, maintaining sports equipment, organizing sports programs, officiating, coaching and participating in games and of course conducting PT classes. The primary requirement was the ability to teach others. The RCN P&RTIs were a distinguished group of highly qualified tradesmen. Using their skills and experience gained during the pre-integration period, they made a valuable contribution to the new Physical Education and Recreation Instructor 851 (PERI 851) trade during its formative years. Female members of the RCN (WRENs) had little opportunity to carry on P&RT duties on a full time basis. Many of those who qualified on the two WREN P&RT courses conducted in 1959 went into other fields of work.

A number of RCN PE&R personnel excelled in sports and gained fame at national and international levels, including: In the 1950s, LCdr Charlie MacDonald, after a serious kidney operation took up running and became an outstanding long distance runner in the Maritimes. Also in this period, LCdr Jim Arnott was an expert fencer of national renown. PO Gordie Grayson boxed as a professional heavyweight and PO Ray Shanks won the Canadian Light-Welterweight title; In the 1960s, C2PT4 “Trip” Trepanier officiated at the British Commonwealth Games. He also promoted swimming in NS for many years; LSPT2 Rick Olfort gained prominence as an outstanding decathlon athlete in track and field, LS Des Derosiers, who later remustered to the PERI 851 trade was the Canadian Welter and Light Heavyweight boxing champion and was inducted into the CF Sports Hall Of Fame; and RCAF Rec Spec Eddie Haddad, another CF Sports Hall Of Famer and originally a LS in the RCN, was a member of the 1948 Canadian Olympic Boxing Team. He also represented Canada in the 1950 British Empire Games.


The RCN High Horse Vaulting Team, comprised mostly of P&RTIs, formed the RCN complement of the Tri-Service Display Team whose performance was the highlight of the Grandstand Show during the 1957 CNE in Toronto. A number of these P&RTIs were also members of the CF Tri-Service Display Team that gave more than 100 performances during their cross-country tour as part of Canada’s Centennial Celebrations.

PART 1 - Background        PART 2 - RCN         PART 3 - Army         PART 4 - Air Force      PART 5 - The PER Branch    Top